dzl chain grate coal fired steam boiler

dzl chain grate coal fired steam boiler

Details of operation of the boiler details chemical energy chemical energy Note 1 Note that operation of the boiler, fuel delivery is controlled with respect to the thickness of the layer of coal-fired boilers, the actual operation, the particles of different sizes on the same coal seam, unreasonable distribution, uneven ventilation, combustion is not uniform. The method can be employed uniformly stratified combustion to coal, to improve seam incomplete combustion: first administration of large particles of coal in the lower layer, the upper layer after administration minimal, large particle surface area of ​​small particles of coal, the need to burn a long time, this time is in the air the highest concentration of oxygen lower position; the other hand, small particles of coal on top, large surface area, a low oxygen concentration, full use of excess air. 2, the flow regulating damper excess air ratio is too large, a large loss of smoke; excess air ratio is too small, incomplete combustion loss is large, and therefore need to properly regulate the air flow to minimize loss of two or more. Usually in the flue gas analyzer backpass smoke, the control amount of wind of carbon monoxide is reduced to a reasonable value. For unconditional for gas analysis, empirical judgment by the naked eye can see the flame in the furnace, the flame pale described excess air amount; brown opaque flame, smoke black smoke indicates incomplete combustion. 3, there is a 1mm thick scale surface water quality management experiment boiler heating surface, waste of fuel from about 3% to 5%, in the presence of 3mm thick scale, waste of fuel of about 5% to 10% [3]. Water two general steps: pre-treatment, ion exchange or reverse osmosis. 4, cleaning blowdown gray scale or fouling deposition in the heating surface, increased heat resistance, reduced heat absorption wall, to improve the furnace exit gas temperature, boiler output decreased, but to increase the amount of cast coal, causing furnace exit gas temperature further improve a vicious circle. Therefore, timely cleaning clear dirt is particularly important. 5, the energy efficiency of the heat insulation testing industrial importance boiler showed small boiler in the case of good thermal heat radiation loss is about 3%, if the wrong selection insulation material, the thickness is too small, or even damage, does not include local heat, heat losses will be higher, the boiler has been running, has been caused by waste heat into the air. When the shutdown check whether the furnace wall insulation bricks off; isolated brick flue check is complete, to avoid shorting the flue gas; outer portion boiler, steam pipes and other insulation damage to be repaired; when heat insulation, low thermal conductivity of the material ( i.e., materials with good thermal insulating properties) on the inner layer having a better thermal insulation effect; respond to the economizer outer insulating layer for laying under conditions permitting. 6, to solve the problem of air leakage air leakage boiler boiler unit during operation is a common problem, the need to ensure the tightness of the boiler, furnace air leakage above all, do not close the site to check the furnace wall, door, inspection holes, etc., can be candles law, candles near these places, to observe whether the candle flame inward deflection to judge. Second leakage tail heating surface, the flue stack leakage mostly welding cracks, elbow bend, the expansion joints wear wear; mostly air superheater corrosion or wear leading to leakage through the pipe, the boiler shutdown should focus an examination.

To enhance the thermal efficiency gas boilers What environmental policy: the combustion efficiency of combustion represents the degree of complete combustion. To improve the combustion efficiency of gas boilers and environmental protection, we must try to adjust the combustion conditions and better organization of the furnace, fuel combustion, reducing q3 and q4. Gas boiler environmental protection reduce exhaust gas temperature: at present China's industrial boiler flue gas temperature is high, is one of the main reasons of the low gas boiler thermal efficiency and environmental protection. Each small boiler flue gas temperature decreased 15-20 ° C, 15 ° C decreased every large boiler, a 1% increase in the thermal efficiency of the boiler gas. Accordingly, to try to reduce exhaust gas temperature flue gas heat recovery, reducing heat losses q2, the fuel savings. Softened water supply and condensate recovery: boiler feed water softening treatment and condensate recovery measures is to improve the thermal efficiency of the boiler. Raw water contains various impurities and fouling material, if not the water treatment boiler fouling. Low thermal conductivity of the scale, so that once the heating surface fouling due to increased thermal resistance, gas boiler output decreased to increase coal consumption, reducing the thermal efficiency of the boiler. Boiler keeps running at rated load: When natural gas boiler overload, due to the amount of fuel to be increased, the coal seam thickened, grate speed, air volume must be increased to meet the increased load required. Thick coal seam and grate faster incomplete combustion of the solid increase in losses due to increased air volume, the short residence time in the furnace flue gas, some burning of combustible gas has not finished on the drain with the flue gas, so incomplete combustion gas heat loss is increased. Meanwhile, when the overload operation, since the furnace temperature is increased thickening seam, exhaust gas temperature increase accordingly, so that heat loss is increased. Boiler low load operation, the amount of reducing gas, the furnace temperature is lowered, deterioration of the combustion conditions, incomplete combustion loss q3, q4 is also increased. When the boiler load is only 50%, due to a significant reduction in temperature in the furnace, it is difficult to maintain stable combustion furnace. Low load operation relatively increased heat loss, the overload or low-load operation the boiler will result in reduced thermal efficiency of the boiler. Strengthen the insulation, sealing, anti-leakage, anti-risk: Due to the wall gas boiler, soda temperature heat pipe system is better than the boiler room air temperature is high, so that part of the heat pipe system and soda furnace wall to radiation and convection to the loss of ambient air, heat radiation loss becomes the boiler. Only the furnace heat of the heat loss, reduces the temperature of the furnace at the same time, it affects the combustion. Therefore, the use of advanced insulation materials to strengthen the walls and heat insulation boiler pipes, reducing heat loss and improve the thermal efficiency of gas boilers and environmental protection. Temperature and security issues to resolve gas dzl chain grate coal fired steam boiler

Run chemical plant boiler problems that may arise is what chemical plant boiler operation possible problem is? There are two main chemical plant boiler evaporation: evaporation and rated maximum continuous evaporation. When the chemical plant boiler load is higher than the maximum continuous evaporation, it indicates the operating force or overload. The following problems may occur super-load operation: Main results are as follows: (1) due to increased fuel consumption, furnace volume heat load increases, the furnace temperature and furnace flue gas outlet temperature, resulting in the superheater and reheater the superheated steam temperature and wall temperature, and must therefore be strictly monitored and adjusted. Try not to let this time overheating. Coal furnace, furnace volume due to the increased thermal load, increasing the likelihood of slagging. (2) the flow rate of chemical evaporation apparatus system working fluid increases, the flow resistance is increased, it is not conducive to water circulation. Therefore, we should pay particular attention to the monitoring of the water cycle bad area. (3) the pressure differential between the drum and the superheater outlet flow increases as the working fluid and superheater flow resistance increases, so that the pressure of the steam drum and headers increases, the strength of these components must be considered . Space volume load (4) the steam drum, the load increases the evaporation surface, saturated with water vapor would increase, thus affecting the quality of steam. (5) chemical plant boiler safety valve Total displacement designed according to a maximum continuous evaporation. If the chemical plant boiler overload, once the sudden load shedding, the safety valve will not fully open, the steam pressure can not be reduced quickly. At this point, it is necessary to ensure the safety of the boiler by chemical vapor released into the air exhaust valve. (6) With the increase of the amount of air required for combustion and the amount of smoke produced, once sufficient air supply, the air volume is insufficient, the chemical conditions affecting the combustion boiler, increasing the likelihood of slagging; In addition, since the flue gas velocity the increase in fly ash increased the degree of wear of the heating surface. (7) during operation, the exhaust gas temperature rises, the exhaust gas heat loss; shorter residence time in the furnace the fuel, incomplete combustion heat loss of mechanical and chemical incomplete combustion to increase the heat loss, reduce the thermal efficiency of the chemical plant boilers. In summary, the excess chemical plant boiler operation have an adverse impact on the security and economic, should generally not excessive run. If the special emergency must also be strictly limited scope and excess power beyond the time required to force.

Burns Hospital Affiliated Hospital of Shanxi Linfen Linfen Steel is attending a hospital burns burns and other diseases. Hot water boiler is essential hospital equipment heat, hot water output can provide disinfection of medical instruments and ward heating demand. With constantly improving our environmental policy, boiler correspondingly introduced more sophisticated Use. Linfen hospital burns to respond positively to the national environmental policy, decided to introduce an environmentally friendly low nitrogen gas hot water boiler. Taking into account the special circumstances of the hospital, the boiler should also have the use of safe, clean overall characteristics. Based on the above considerations, finalize the Linfen hospital with burns boiler party cooperation fast, fast is provided by one side of a gas condensing pressure hot water boiler (CWNS2.1-95 / 70-Y.Q).

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